Research on district-wide improvement shows that certain strategies enhance performance and increase equity (e.g., Fullan, 2010; Johnson, 1996; Seashore Louis, Leithwood, Wahlstrom, & Anderson, 2010; Wahlstrom, Seashore, Leithwood, & Anderson, 2010).
The Ohio Improvement Process draws on this research, particularly on Fullan and Quinn’s (2016) model of district improvement and the Moving Your Numbers (MYN) studies (e.g., Maltbie, Morrison, Duan, & Dariotis, 2017; Tefs & Telfer, 2013; Telfer, 2011; Telfer & Howley, 2014). This research points to four key strategies, which can be characterized as non-negotiables for this area of practice.
For additional reading related to inclusive instructional and organizational leadership, see the following resources:
- Bolman, L. & Deal, T. E. (1991). Reframing organizations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
- Bryk, A. S., Gomez, L. M., Grunow, A., & LeMahieu, P. G. (2015). Learning to improve: How America’s schools can get better at getting better. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press.
- Elmore, R. (2002). Bridging the gap between standards and achievement: The imperative for professional development in education. Washington, DC: Albert Shanker Institute.
- Fullan, M. (2010). All systems go: The change imperative for whole system reform. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
- Fullan, M. (2011). Choosing the wrong drivers for whole system reform. East Melbourne, AU: Center for Strategic Reform. Retrieved from http://michaelfullan.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/13396088160.pdf
- Fullan, M. (2016). The elusive nature of whole system improvement in education. Journal of Educational Change, 17(4), 539-544.
- Fullan, M., & Quinn, J. (2016). Coherence: The right drivers in action for schools, districts and systems. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
- Hargreaves, A., & Fullan, M. (2012). Professional capital: Transforming teaching in every school. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.
- Hargreaves, D. H. (1995). School culture, school effectiveness, and school improvement. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 6(1), 23-46.
- Honig, M. I. (2008). District central offices as learning organizations: How sociocultural and organizational learning theories elaborate district central office administrators’ participation in teaching and learning improvement efforts. American Journal of Education, 114(4), 627-664.
- Johnson, S. M. (1996). Leading to change: The challenge of the new superintendency. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
- Leithwood, K., & Seashore-Louis, K. (2011). Linking leadership to student learning. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
- Maltbie, C. V., Morrison, A. B., Duan, Q., & Dariotis, J. K., (2017). Evaluating the evidence base for using the Moving Your Numbers (MYN) District Self-Assessment Guide for technical assistance: Key results from phase 1. Cincinnati, Ohio: Evaluation Services Center, University of Cincinnati.
- Robinson, J., V. M., & Timperley, H. S. (2007). The leadership of the improvement of teaching and learning: Lessons from initiatives with positive outcomes for students. Australian Journal of Education, 51(3), 247–262. https://doi.org/10.1177/000494410705100303
- Seashore Louis, K., Leithwood, K., Wahlstrom, K. L., & Anderson, S. E. (2010). Investigating the links to improved student learning. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota, Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement.
- Senge, P. M. (1990). The fifth discipline: The art and practice of the learning organization. New York, NY: Doubleday and Company.
- Tefs, M., & Telfer, D. M. (2013). Behind the numbers: Redefining leadership to improve outcomes for all students. Journal of Special Education Leadership, 26(1), 43-52.
- Telfer, D.M. (2011). Moving your numbers: Five districts share how they used assessment and accountability to increase performance for students with disabilities as part of district-wide improvement. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes.
- Telfer, D., & Howley, A. (2014). Rural Schools positioned to promote the high achievement of students with disabilities. Rural Special Education Quarterly, 33(4), 3-13.
- Wahlstrom, K., Seashore, K., Leithwood, K., & Anderson, S. (2010). Learning from leadership: Investigating the links to improved student learning. Research Report Executive Summary. Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement. University of Minnesota.